Statue of shepherd carrying a sheep. Words Treasures New and Old: Christian Culture and Cultures in the Patristic Age Friday, 4 October 2019

 

Conference Description

The earliest followers of Jesus lived in cities and regions in which religion and culture were tightly interconnected, both to one another and to the state. Yet even as they grew in number and stood apart from their neighbors in religious belief and practice, Christians of the first and second century claimed hardly any distinctive culture of their own. They lived in a variety of cities and villages, and spoke a variety of languages. They practiced no particular trade or manner of life, had differing levels and types of education, and wore no special kind of clothing (Epistle to Diognetus 5.1-4).

The first Christians did of course share some things in common, including core beliefs, inspired Scriptures, oral traditions, a developing hierarchy, ritual practices, and demanding ethical standards. But without art, architecture, music, or very much in the way of theological or philosophical writings, poetry, or other literature, this was not the same as a fully developed Christian culture, of the sort that could match the complex elite and popular cultures with which they were surrounded.

Making such a culture (or rather, cultures, since they varied significantly from one locale to another) was the work of the period that followed. This period is often called the Patristic Age, named for the Church fathers whose writings defined it. During these centuries, many existing cultural features, often of great antiquity, were assimilated into a new Christian framework, sometimes unchanged and sometimes in adapted form. In time, cultural features that could not be re-used were rejected or very much minimized, and when necessary completely novel institutions and practices were added. In this way, enduring cultural forms took root, in many cases so well that they long outlasted the Roman and Persian imperial settings in which early Christianity developed; many continue to the present.

This one-day conference aims to survey some of the ways in which a Christian culture and Christian cultures were created in the second through seventh centuries AD. It will not neglect the problems, contradictions, and resistance that these encountered, but will lay special emphasis on the cultural results that endured and the reasons (political, theological, aesthetic) why this may have occurred. The conference will focus on regions both east and west of Jerusalem and north and south of the Mediterranean Sea. It will consider texts written in the main early Christian languages (Greek, Syriac, Latin, Coptic), as well as the material culture of these regions (churches, places, objects). It will feature papers given by faculty, alumni, and students from the Catholic University of America, and will explore themes such as asceticism and monasticism, Christian poetry and education, church and state, liturgy and music, biblical interpretation, and Christian art and architecture.

The conference will be open to the Catholic University community and invited members of the general public. All presentations will be designed to appeal to a broad audience, with no specialized knowledge required.

Conference Program

10:00 a.m.  

Opening Mass (Caldwell Chapel)

11:00 a.m.

Conference Welcome (Heritage Hall)

 Provost Aaron Dominguez

11:15–11:45 a.m.

Paper Session I (Heritage Hall)

Presider: Dr. Nora Heimann, Chair, Department of Art

Abraham and Christian Identity

Yuliya Minets (University of Notre Dame) “The Primordial Language in Early Christianity and Judaism”

Sr. Maria Kiely, OSB (The Catholic University of America) “Abraham ‘Our Father in Faith’: A View from the Early Church”

11:45 a.m.–1:00 p.m.

Buffet Luncheon (Heritage Hall)

President John Garvey

Prof. Robert Wilken (Emeritus, University of Virginia)

1:00-1:30 p.m.

Paper Session II (Heritage Hall)

Presider: Dr. Chad Pecknold, School of Theology and Religious Studies

Unity and Concord in the Early Church 

Joshua Kinlaw (The King's College) “The Concord Rhetoric of Clement of Rome”

Jodie Augustine (The Catholic University of America) “Unity according to Christians and non-Christians”

1:30-2:00 p.m.

Virtue and the Roman State

Benjamin Safranski (Franciscan University of Steubenville) “Public and Private Faces: Religious Compromise in the Decian Persecution”

Kevin Jones (Christendom College) “Augustine on the Pagan Virtue of Regulus”

2:00-2:15 p.m.

Coffee Break

2:15-2:45 p.m.

Paper Session III

Presider: Dr. Kevin White, School of Philosophy

Pagan and Christian Poetry

Alex Poulos (University of Maryland, College Park) “Bombastic Heretics: Aesthetic and Theological Critique in Gregory of Nazianzus' poem, On the Incarnation

Douglas Fortner (The Pontifical College Josephinum) “St. Justin Martyr: A Lover of Culture, More a Lover of Truth

2:45-3:15 p.m.

The Theology and Art of Christian Rhetoric

Michael Petrin (The Catholic University of America) “St. Gregory of Nyssa and the Rhetoric of Christian Theology”

Ky Heinze (Our Lady Seat of Wisdom College) “Living in Biblical Narrative”

3:15–3:45 p.m.

Christian Literature and the Legacy of Philosophy

Luke DeWeese (The Catholic University of America) “St. John’s Gospel and the Stoics”

Carl Vennerstrom (The Catholic University of America) “Evagrius Ponticus: Psychology and Ethics in the Marginal Notes of a Scholar and Monk”

3:45-4:00 p.m.

Coffee Break

4:00-4:30 p.m.

Paper Session IV (Heritage Hall) 

Presider: Sr. Maria Theotokos Adams, SSVM, School of Theology and Religious Studies

Early Christian Kings and Kingship

Robin Darling Young (The Catholic University of America) “The First Christian Nation? King Trdat's Conversion in Fifth-Century Sources”

Rev. David Friel (The Catholic University of America) “The Vocabulary of Kingship in the Sacramentary of Verona”

4:30-5:15 p.m.

Science in Early Christianity

Adam Rasmussen (Georgetown University) “Constructing a Cosmological Synthesis: Basil and Origen”

William J. McCarthy (The Catholic University of America) “Ecclesiastical Corruption and Medical Theory in John Chrysostom's On the Priesthood”

Karen Carducci (The Catholic University of America) "Mountains of Rome"

5:15-5:30 p.m.

Coffee Break

5:30-6:30 p.m.

Paper Session V

Presider: Dr. Lionel Yaceczko, The Heights School

The Material Culture of Early Christianity

Maria Stouraiti (The Catholic University of America) “From Paganism to Christianity in Athens: A Peaceful Transition”

Very Rev. Mark Morozowich (Dean, School of Theology and Religious Studies) “Golgotha and the Basilica: Architectural Import on our Theological Understanding

Sr. Maria del Fiat Miola, SSVM (The Catholic University of America) “The Burial Tunic of Caesarius of Arles: A Tale of a Bishop and his Monastery”

Jeremy Brown (The Catholic University of America) “Parchment, Cameras, and Computer Screens: The Impact of Manuscript Digitization on the Study of Ethiopian Christianity”

6:30 p.m.

Exhibition of Early Christian Artifacts (May Gallery)

Reception

Further Information.

 

Center for the Study of Early Christianity (csec@cua.edu).