Any undergraduate student may enroll in Irish studies courses. To successfully complete the certificate program, however, a student must pass a total of 8 courses. Of these, 4 are required and 4 are electives. For course schedules, please visit Cardinal Station

Required Courses (4 total)

Language (2)

  • IRSH 101: Introduction to Irish Language & Culture I
    Irish 101 is a foundational course for the Certificate in Irish Studies at Catholic University. This course provides students with a general introduction to both the Irish language and to aspects of traditional and contemporary Irish culture. Students learn the fundamentals of the Irish language, primarily covering topics which enable them to talk about themselves; where they come from and live, their family and friends, and their hobbies and interests. Students are introduced to basic grammatical structures and in the first semester focus on oral communication in the present tense.

  • IRSH 102: Introduction to Irish Language & Culture II
    Students build upon the fundamentals of the Irish language acquired in the first semester and cover a range of themes pertinent to their everyday lives. They learn to use more complex grammatical and syntactic structures, developing their command of Irish in four essential areas of language learning: oral, aural, in reading and in writing.  Topics of both a traditional and contemporary nature are explored through a variety of media including simple poetry and rhyme, music and song, as well as storytelling and film. Among the cultural topics explored are: the meaning of place-names, a selection of ancient Irish myths and legends, as well as the stories of Irish saints. In addition to this, students learn about the role and place of the Irish language in Ireland, its use in the Gaeltachtaí (Irish speaking regions of Ireland), as well as its growing popularity in urban centers today.  

Gateway Classes (2)

  • ENG 360: Modern Irish Literature, 1798–1998
    This class provides a survey of Irish novels, drama, poetry and political tracts composed over the last two centuries, the time during which both the Republic of Ireland and the power-sharing government of the North emerged. Students examine the connection between nationhood, linguistic identity and style in modern Irish literature, beginning with the Rebellion of 1798 and ending with the Good Friday Agreement of 1998. Authors may include but are not limited to Maria Edgeworth, Wolfe Tone, James Clarence Mangan, W. B. Yeats, J. M. Synge, James Joyce, Flann O’Brien, Samuel Beckett and Paul Muldoon.
  • One of the Following Courses:
    • HIST 225A: History of Ireland to 1607
      Ireland has been invaded repeatedly throughout its history. Each wave of new arrivals has caused a renegotiation of what it means to be "Irish." This course will engage directly with that question by surveying Irish society and culture from pre-Christian times down to the end of the old Gaelic order in 1607. We will glance at Irish prehistory and then examine "Celtic" society-- its social structure, laws and literature. Next, we will trace the impact of the Christianization of Ireland on this society. We will look at the effect on Ireland of invasions by the Vikings and the Normans, and the establishments of English rule in Ireland. We will then study the varying fortunes of the competing groups in Irish society (Gaelic Irish and Anglo-Irish), analyze the advent of the Reformation in Ireland, and examine the final conquest of Ireland in the reign of Elizabeth I and the passing of the old order.

    • HIST 225B: Modern Irish History
      This course focuses on the Ireland's economic and political transition from the end of the Gaelic era to the present. Students trace the transformation of Ireland’s economic and social order, examining the population explosion of the eighteenth century and early nineteenth century, and then the subsequent catastrophe of the Great Famine. The emergence of a pastoral agricultural economy in the post-Famine era is discussed as well asrecent developments in the post-industrial economy of the late twentieth century. The course also tracks dominant trends of political change in Ireland from the wars of the seventeenth century, to the rise of popular politics and the eruption of republicanism in the 1790s, to the emergence of nationalism and unionism throughout the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Finally, students consider the Irish War of Independence and analyze its impact on the subsequent politics of the Free State, the Republic and the complex status of Northern Ireland in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. Throughout the course, special attention is paid to the importance of regional and local differences in the modern Irish experience, not just between the north and south but also between east and west.

Elective Courses (4 total)

  • IRSH 103: Intermediate Irish Language & Culture I
    This course aims to build the necessary confidence and language skills to communicate in Irish in everyday situations.  The emphasis is on developing speaking and listening skills, while also providing students with the opportunity to read and write the language.  At the conclusion of the course, students will be able to talk about everyday life in the past, present and future tenses. They will have a greater understanding of the dialects of the Irish language, as well as various aspects of grammar.  Students will improve their accuracy and fluency, as well as building upon existing vocabulary. Students will also add to their reading and writing skills.

  • IRSH 104: Intermediate Irish Language & Culture II
    Students further develop their communication abilities by discussing and writing about various topics drawn from a variety of sources including literature and film. Students will work on the expansion of vocabulary and the integration and refinement of grammar.

  • DR 305:  From Shakespeare to Sheridan, the Irish in the theatre: 1600-1775 (ENG 305/HIST 328A)

  • HIST 330A: The Celtic World: People and Mythology
    This course will examine the history, literature, art, and archeology of the people known as the Celts. We will look at the evidence for and against the concept of a “Celtic” civilization in classical times, and we will trace the distinctive history of the so-called “Celtic Fringe” in the British Isles: Ireland, Scotland, and Wales. We will also study the rediscovery (or invention) of the Celts in modern times, focusing on the Gaelic Revival in Ireland and recent nationalist movements in Scotland, Wales, Brittany, and Galicia. Throughout, we will analyze the fascinating relationship between the “facts” of the historical record and the cultural and political impact of the concept of the “Celt.”

  • HIST 380D: Ireland 1541-1800: Kingdom, Colony, Province (and Nation?)
    The Irish are often said to be a people trapped in their past--and the past in question took place during the early modern centuries. The conquest of the native Irish lords, the plantation of Ulster, the bloody rebellion of 1641, Cromwellian conquest, the "shipwreck" of Irish Catholics in 1691, the consolidation of English and Protestant control of the island in the eighteenth century, and the iconic 1798 rebellion that still grips the imagination of Irish republicans: no period has exerted so formidable an influence on subsequent Irish history. This course will examine the period not only from traditional English-language perspectives but also those of Irish-speakers, considering the ways that Ireland became more British but also the persistence of native, Gaelic viewpoints. We will consider the ambiguous legacy of conquest, Ireland's place within a larger British empire, and the powerful ways that the interpretation of the past has shaped Irish life both then and now.

  • ENG 368: Seamus Heaney, Irish Poet
    This course offers a critical examination of the poetry, prose and historical place of Seamus Heaney (1939-2013), a writer once boldly described as the "most important Irish poet since Yeats." Students study Heaney's emergence in the so-called 'Belfast Group' of the 1960s and explore his nascent critical legacy, the broad impact his life and work have exerted on the contemporary reception of Irish poetry across the Anglophone world.

  • ENG 402: English Poetry & World War
    This class explores the complex relationship between collective memory, literary style, and the conditions of modern warfare endured throughout World War I (1914-1918) and World War II (1939-1945). Readings may include but are not limited to the work of Wilfred Owen, Edward Thomas, David Jones, Isaac Rosenberg, Francis Ledwidge, Ezra Pound, Sidney Keyes, Louis MacNeice and Randall Jarrell.

  • ENG 405: Yeats, Eliot & Pound
    In this course students examine a large selection of the poetry and critical prose of three major twentieth-century writers: W. B. Yeats (1865–1939), Ezra Pound (1885–1972) and T. S. Eliot (1888–1965). The selection of poetry covers the period between 1889–1969, the time during which time Irish and Anglo-American modernism emerged in the English-speaking world. Students consider the diverse ways in which the development of modernist style was, in part, impacted by the historical crises of early twentieth-century Europe. Readings will include but are not limited to The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock, Responsibilities, Homage to Sextus Propertius, The Waste Land, The Tower, Four Quartets, and The Pisan Cantos.
*Please note this list of electives is not exhaustive.*