Students are encouraged to make the best use of both their distribution requirements and their free electives. Most students follow course sequences to further specific educational or intellectual goals. Students are encouraged to add a minor or a certificate to their major course of study. It may also be possible to complete both a minor and a certificate or two minors without taking more than the forty courses required for graduation. For example, a Politics major who chooses courses carefully beginning in the freshman year can complete a minor in English (accumulating the six courses required in that minor by making appropriate choices in the two required literature courses and four free electives) and another minor in History (by making appropriate choices in the four required humanities courses and two free electives). The completion of a minor is recorded on the student's permanent transcript. For a complete list of minors and certificates offered at the university, please see Minors and Certificate Programs.

Important Policies on Minors and Certificates

Course substitutions are not permitted.

No more than two of courses constituting a minor or certificate may be transferred from other institutions.

"Inside minors" are not allowed: a student may not choose a minor offered within the same department as the major. (Exception: a foreign language major may minor in another foreign language.)

No more than two courses in a minor or certificate may “overlap” with the student’s requirements for the major or majors or other minors or certificates, i.e., no more than two courses may double count between any major(s), minor(s) or certificate(s).

A student may complete only one minor offered within any given department.

Updated October 7, 2020